Skip to main content

SC order on RBI circular: More options for banks to tackle defaulting firms

Lenders also have the option of restructuring the loans Lenders to companies which are under stress could now have three options to deal with them if they default on loans: take a haircut as part of a one-time settlement, restructure the loans for a longer tenure as they did when corporate debt restructuring schemes were allowed, or go to the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) for redress. These changes in the options available to lenders come, according to PE funds and bank lawyers who are involved in the IBC process, in the wake of the Supreme Court on Tuesday setting aside the 12 February RBI circular, which allowed a 180-day window to banks to resolve a company default.But they can still find a resolution. According to a Reserve Bank of India circular, a loan becomes a non-performing asset when banks cannot find a way of recovering their money in 90 days. In short, banks still have a window to resolve the default.
Lenders can take a haircut as part of a one -time settlement of dues though experts say that, considering the overall environment, it is unlikely that any bank will opt for this course of action.“Such an option could be scrutinised and investigated, especially under existing circumstances where banks have been under the scanner for giving loans without a proper risk assessment,” said a top executive of a private equity fund.Lenders also have the option of restructuring the loans. “For instance, they can convert a 10-year loan tenure to 20 years and tweak interest rates lower.But they might still not recover the loan has had been the case in many CDR schemes which did not work. However, there would be cause for concern if lots of banks were to use this route in lots of cases,” said a banking expert.
He pointed out that the government will be keeping a close watch for a greater use of these two options as it could derail the whole IBC process and put off potential investors.There are others, however, who say that there will hardly be any incentive for a bank to do this because, under the RBI rules, the loan will remain a non-performing asset (NPA) on the books of the bank until 20 per cent of the principal is paid off by the company - only then could it be designated as a non-NPA. The third option open to lenders dealing with defaulting companies is referring them to the IBC if a resolution cannot be found. “While under the earlier RBI circular, banks had 180 days to resolve the default issue, they now have 90 days to do so. But earlier, they had no option but to go to IBC, Now they have three options — a one-time settlement, restructuring of loans and also the IBC,” said a PE fund executive.
The Business Standard, 4th April 2019


Popular posts from this blog

April GST collections at new high despite rate rationalisation in December

Goods and services tax (GST) collection touched a record high in April, exceeding Rs 1 trillion for the third time in four months. The mop-up was 10 per cent higher over the previous year. Gross collection for the month was Rs 1.13 trillion, said the finance ministry. Despite the recent rate rationalisation in December, a rise in collection was reported. Of the total collected, the CGST (central GST) contributed Rs 21,163 crore, the SGST (state GST) Rs 28,801 crore, the IGST (integrated GST) Rs 54,733 crore (including Rs 23,289 crore on import) and cess Rs 9,168 crore (including Rs 1,053 crore on import). After settlement of the IGST and the balance IGST in a 50:50 ratio between the Centre and states on a provisional basis, the CGST stood at Rs 47,533 crore and SGST at Rs 50,776 crore. The CGST target in the Union Budget for 2019-20 is Rs 6.1 trillion. “The April collection indicates the tax base is increasing gradually, with GST getting stabilised with measures such as e-way bills and…

Shrinking footprints of foreign banks in India

Shrinking footprints of foreign banks in India Foreign banks are increasingly shrinking their presence in India and are also becoming more conservative than private and public sector counterparts. While many of them have sold some of their businesses in India as part of their global strategy, some are trying to keep their core expertise intact. Others are branching out to newer areas to continue business momentum.For example, HSBC and Barclays Bank in India have got out of the retail business, whereas corporate-focused Standard Chartered Bank is now trying to increase its focus on retail “Building a retail franchise is a huge exercise and takes a long time. You cannot afford to lose it,” said Shashank Joshi, Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ’s India head.According to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) data, foreign banks’ combined loan book shrunk nearly 10 per cent from Rs 3.78 trillion in fiscal 2015-16 to Rs 3.42 trillion last financial year. The banking industry, which includes foreign banks…